Battle Of Vienna
Why Vienna Does Not Look Like Istanbul
Battle of Vienna. Should you bother about 400-year-old stories around the Turks in Vienna when you visit my hometown? You won’t need a dedicated ‘Turkish tour’ but you will stumble across Turkish ‘leftovers’ in town more often than you think. After all, the big Battle of Vienna, also known as the Second Siege of Vienna, is the reason Vienna doesn’t look like Istanbul today (Image on right: Sultan Murads with Janissaries; unknown).
Getting Rid Of The Turks In Vienna, Part II
Battle of Vienna. In June 1683, Sultan Mehmed IV decided quite spontaneously to try and conquer Vienna again (following the Siege of Vienna 150 years earlier. The Sultan was on his way to support an anti-Habsburg revolt in Upper Hungary, led by protestant noble man Emmerich Thököly. Emperor Leopold I called Polish King Jan III Sobieski for help. The Turks had been trying to get a foothold in Middle Europe for almost 200 years and had not been defeated yet.
Between July and September 1683, Habsburg warlord Duke Charles of Lothringen and local commander Ernst Rüdiger von Starhemberg fought Turkish Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa in various battles. Emperor Leopold I himself had left Vienna on request of his advisers.
The decisive battle was fought on the Leopoldsberg (previously called Kahlenberg; the opposite hill that we call Kahlenberg today was the Sauberg) in the northeast of Vienna.
What The Turks Left: Coffee And Apple Strudel
Battle of Vienna. Count Starhemberg and Jan Sobieski were the saviours of Vienna and preservers of the Occident. Sadly, the courageous Polish King hasn’t received as many credits in Europe and Vienna as he should have, apart from a square and a street named after him.
The Vienna Museum (Wien Museum) hosts a few Turkish relics and paintings. The collection occupies a small room but this is probably the best place for you to investigate their story in Vienna.
The Turks left a few good things to the Viennese, such as the coffee and the puff pastry, that tastefully links Turkish Baklava with Austrian Apple Strudel. Corn cobs are stilled called Kukuruz in Austria, a Turkish word.
A few places in Vienna remind you of the Turkish sieges, such as Am Hof 11 in the city centre. It boasts a gold-plated cannon by the Turks which is reported to have struck the building in 1683.
English Language Books about the Battle Of Vienna
The Enemy At The Gate: Habsburgs, Ottomans and the Battle for EuropeAndrew Wheatcroft